Books, authors, publishers, friends, conversation and camaraderie.
By STEPHEN DANDO-COLLINS
From Palgrave Macmillan Trade: "Beginning with a crazy plan hatched by a suspect prince, and an even crazier reliance on the word of the Nazis, Operation Chowhound was devised. Between May 1 and May 8, 1945, 2,268 military units flown by the USAAF, dropped food to 3.5 million starving Dutch civilians in German-occupied Holland.
Alliances & Theaters
▪ The Air War: 1939-1945
▪ Australia, Canada, and other Allies
▪ British Forces & The Battle of Britain
▪ China-Burma-India Theater
▪ D-Day, Normandy & W. Europe
▪ The Eastern Front
▪ The Italian Campaign
▪ Victory at Sea: U.S. Navy, Coast Guard & Merchant Marine
▪ War in the Pacific
Special Interest Topics
▪ Bio: Leaders & Commanders
▪ Books, Movies & Music of WWII
▪ Erwin Leydekkers' WWII Photos
▪ The First World War
▪ Holocaust Remembrance
▪ On the Homefront
▪ The Attack on Pearl Harbor
▪ U.S. Artillery Units in Holland 1944-1945
▪ Women's Contribution in World War II
Contribute to the History
By MARTIN K.A. MORGAN
From Zenith Press: "Experience the all-important Normandy invasion through some of D-Day's most incredible photographs." Book review »
By member WAYNE VANSANT
From Zenith Press: "In Battle of the Bulge, author and artist Wayne Vansant brings readers into the frozen foxholes, haunting forests, and devastated villages of the Ardennes during that freezing cold winter.
By Benjamin Carter Hett
From Oxford University Press: "A powerful new look at the Reichstag fire.... Based on years of archival and scholarly research, the book reconstructs the event in gripping detail."
By P.R. REID
From Zenith Press: The Germans thought escape was impossible. These men proved them wrong. Colditz Castle, located near Leipzig Germany, was the last stop for select Allied prisoners during World War II. It was here, a reportedly impregnable fortress, that the Germans sent all the prisoners who escaped from other prisons. Book Review »
By member RANDALL HANSEN
From Oxford University Press: "Fills a crucial niche in the history of WWII resistance, focusing on disobedience after Valkyrie, which has typically been overlooked.... Based on extensive archival research in three languages.... Considers a wide range of resistance figures, including officers, soldiers, and citizens."
By Harry Yeide
From Zenith Press: "He is remembered as an officer with few equals. A leader who attained legendary status while commanding corps and armies as a general during World War II. He was also well known for his eccentricity and controversial outspokenness."
By member GAVIN MORTIMER
From Zenith Press: "In The First Eagles: The Fearless American Aces Who Flew with the RAF in World War I, award-winning historian Gavin Mortimer engagingly profiles the restless, determined American aviators who grew tired of waiting for the their country to establish an aerial military force during World War I."
By CORY GRAFF
From Zenith Press: "Do you want to get an up-close look at some of the rarest airplanes in the world? ... In deluxe hard-back volumes, Flying Warbirds brings U.S., British, German, Russian and Japanese fighting planes from the 1930s and 1940s together, complete with detailed photographs to delight every aeronautics connoisseur."
By COLIN HEATON & ANNE-MARIE LEWIS
From Zenith Press: "When The German Aces Speak published in 2011, Air & Space/Smithsonian magazine welcomed Colin Heaton’s and Anne- Marie Lewis’s masterful command of interview-based narrative, writing,”
By member NICHOLAS A. VERONICO
From Zenith Press: "In Hidden Warbirds II, the engaging follow-up to the critically acclaimed Hidden Warbirds, aviation historian Nicholas A. Veronico further explores the romantic era of World War II warbirds and the stories of some of its most famous wrecks and recoveries."
By JEREMY HARWOOD
From Zenith Press: "The downfall of Nazi Germany, as seen through its own media. The first issue of Signal magazine, Germany's biweekly army propaganda publication, hit the newsstands in April of 1940." Read More »
By member ROBERT F. DORR
From Zenith Press: "Robert F. Dorr's critically acclaimed World War II bombing narrative, now available in paperback format. The western Allies flew 314 bombing missions to Berlin between 1940 and 1945."
By ERIC HAMMEL
From Zenith Press: "By the summer of 1944 the tide had turned in the Pacific War against the Japanese. The war was not nearly over, however, and the U.S. Marines had their heaviest season of combat awaiting them."
Above: British soldiers and tanks advancing | This artworks collection was released to Wikipedia Great Britain in June 2012. The paintings, posters, and drawings by different British Artists during the Second World War was an interesting find and welcome addition to the history, created to energize the morale of the citizens of Great Britain. To view the Album One slideshow, click here, or, the image above. To view the Album Two slideshow click here.
P A C I F I C T H E A T E R O F O P E R A T I O N S
Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands; 1 April 1945: Battle of Okinawa » The eighty-two day land battle took place from 1 April 1945 through 22 June 1945, and had one of the highest casualty rates of any WWII battle. U.S. involvement included the Navy, Marine Corps and Army, while the British committed one-quarter of the air power and its British Pacific Fleet known then as Task Force 57. The strategic importance was its 350-mile proximity to mainland Japan. The Battle of Okinawa was the final major action for the U.S. Army and Marine Corps in WWII.
Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands; 7 April 1945: The Yamato is sunk » Operation Ten-go, as it was coded by the Japanese leadership, was a proclaimed last-ditch suicide effort to keep the Allied invaders from taking Okinawa and ultimately reaching the Japanese mainland. The ship was the largest, heaviest and most well-armed battleship within the Japanese Imperial Fleet. The Yamato and her nine escorts were sunk just north of Okinawa by carrier-based U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine bombers and torpedo bombers.
Bataan, Philippines; 9 April 1942: The Bataan Death March begins » Between 25 and 28 percent of the 75,000 American and Filipino POWs would not survive the brutal 60-mile forced march to the prison camps in the north. Suffering from tropical heat, the men had to endure violence and starvation along the route which would be determined to be a war crime by Japan following the war. On 30 May 2009 the Japanese government officially apologized for the maltreatment at the 64th and last reunion of survivors in San Antonio Texas.
Warm Springs, Georgia; 12 April 1945: FDR passes away » Our nation went into shock on the afternoon of the 12th of April in 1945. As our only four-term president, FDR led the nation through arguably its most difficult years through the Great Depression and through WWII. His passing led he way for Harry Truman to make the fatal decision on the atomic bombing of Japan, one which Roosevelt agonized over. Less than thirty days after his passing, V-E Day had arrived.
Island of Ie Shima, NW of Okinawa; western Pacific Ocean; 18 April 1945: Ernie Pyle killed near Okinawa » Well known and beloved by readers back home as well as the Marines, soldiers, sailors and airmen he wrote about, Ernie Pyle was killed by a Japaese machine gun emplacement on Ie Shima, a tiny island north of Okinawa. He was hit while riding with US Army officers of the 77th Infantry Regiment. Ernie was one of the very few civilians to be awarded the Purple Heart during WWII, he was so beloved.
Western Pacific Ocean; 18 April 1942: The Doolittle Raid » The raid on Japan by LtCol James Doolittle showed the Allied leaders that reaching the mainland of Japan was possible by air. The raid was launched from the U.S. aircraft carrier Hornet, and included 16 B-25B Mitchell bombers, of which all were lost. The raid was considered a huge morale boost for the American people, and upon his return to the US, Doolittle was awarded the Medal of Honor by FDR and promoted to Brigadier General.
Cape Gloucester, New Guinea; 22 April 1944: Battle of Cape Gloucester ends » The 1st Marine Division would fight its second battle of WWII here on Cape Gloucester, following rest in Melbourne Australia. Its first action on Guadalcanal would provide valuable experience for the 1st Division which would later go on to Peleliu and Okinawa. The Battle of Cape Gloucester was another Allied victory with 310 losses versus 1,000 plus for the Japanese.
E U R O P E A N T H E A T E R O F O P E R A T I O N S
Berlin, Germany; April 1945: Soviet Army Sgt. Meliton Varlamovich Kantaria hoists the Soviet Flag in victory over Berlin » Few iconic photographs have emerged from the war on the eastern front from World War II. Nearing the end of the war in the European Theater of Operations, during the final moments of the Battle of Berlin a photo was taken. The famous photograph of Soviet Sergeant Meliton Varlamovich Kantaria precariously atop a building symbolized the end of the war on the eastern front.
Weimar, Germany; 11 April 1945: Buchenwald Concentration Camp Liberated » The U.S. Third Army's 9th Armored Infantry Battalion were given a hero's welcome by the camp's inhabitants. It is estimated that over 56,000 died from various methods at the camp. Following the war, the Soviet Army used the same facilities to house Nazi prisoners.
Berlin, Germany; 16 April 1945: Battle of Berlin begins » The final major battle in the ETO in World War II would also prove to be the costliest. Soviet and Polish forces numbered 2.5 million as compared to 767,000 German troops. Eisenhower determined that western Allied involvement was not needed due to the increased chances of friendly fire would increase casualties as the Allies would draw closer to Soviet forces.
Seelow Heights, Germany; 16 April 1945: Battle of the Seelow Heights begins » The Battle of the Seelow Heights and the Battle of Berlin would begin on the same date. It was part of the Seelow-Berlin Offensive and was fought over three days. Seelow was the last defensive line outside of Berlin. Soviet and Polish forces numbered approximately 1 million as opposed to just over 90,000 for the Nazi Germany.
Warsaw, Poland; 19 April 1943: The first Warsaw Ghetto Uprising starts » The first of the two famous uprisings by Jewish citizens and resistance fighters. The Warsaw uprising was in response to the impending transport by German authorities to the Treblinka extermination camp, also in Poland. The Treblinka toll was 850,000.The Pianist, both memoir and film, are based upon the true stories of both Warsaw uprisings.
Lyme Bay - Slapton, England; 28 April 1944: D-Day rehearsal suffers German attack » During "Exercise Tiger", German E-boats spotted 8 LSTs loaded with men and equipment in the final days of a D-Day training run off of the southern coast of England. The E-boats attacked the U.S. forces resulting in a loss of 441 Army and 197 Navy personnel. Adding to the training errors, another 308 men were killed by friendly fire from the British heavy cruiser HMS Hawkins which was dropping Live ordnance onto the landing beaches. Eisenhower had ordered the Live fire, but the men in training overran the safe zones.